Internet-based Promotion of Qigong

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Internet-based Promotion of Qigong

Postby Yeung on Wed May 30, 2018 8:51 am

Abstract accepted for ORAL presentation format by the 23rd Annual Congress of European College of Sport Science, 4-7 July 2018, Dublin, Ireland

Title: INTERNET-BASED PROMOTION OF CHINESE TRADITIONAL HEALTH-PRESERVING SPORTS: HEALTH QIGONG
Session: OP-SH07 - APPROACHES TO PHYSICAL ACTIVITY / FUNCTIONING
Enter session OP-SH07
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AID: 789, Presentation format: ORAL
Authors: LIU, H., CHOW, B.
Institution: HONG KONG BAPTIST UNIVERSITY
Country: CHINA, Topic: SOCIOLOGY
Abstract:
Recently, a lack of public attention has become a major impediment to the promotion of Chinese traditional health-preserving sports (Jie, 2015). Although researchers have shown an increased interest in using information technology to promote sports, reports on the mobile-internet-based promotion of Chinese traditional sports are sparse, and there is limited information regarding the status quo of Health Qigong and its social acceptance.

Health Qigong is one of the most widely accepted Chinese traditional health-preserving sport (GAS, 2017; Jahnke, 2010). This paper aimed to investigate the status quo of Health Qigong among practitioners and non-practitioners in Mainland China. Some strategies for Chinese traditional health-preserving sports were proposed.

Cross-sectional surveys were conducted with 362 adult-aged participants (216 practitioners, 146 non-practitioners) in Mainland China. A 40-item questionnaire was designed to assess sociodemographic characteristics, practice/contact situation, transmission channels, perceived values and the internet use behaviors.

It was evident from the survey results that the majority of Health Qigong practitioners were older individuals. The main channel participants got to learn this sport were through social sports sites and university courses. Over 70% of practitioners had more than five friends who also practice Health Qigong. Nearly 90% of practitioners used mobile internet. Furthermore, the findings reflected the barriers to its promotion were (a) a lack of young practitioners resulted in weak sustainable development; (b) non-practitioners perceived that Health Qigong was incommensurate with the group they belong to; and (c) there were limited channels used to promote the sport.

These strategies are recommended to promote Health Qigong: (a) target specific audience groups in promotion; (b) promote the sport culture to build a unique brand; and (c) highlight its distinctive values and characteristics in promotion.

Keywords: Chinese traditional sports; Internet-based; Health-preserving sports; Sports promotion

References
1. Jie, P. (2015). Research on current situation and promotion strategy of Health Qigong in Changzhou community. (Unpublished Master dissertation). East China Normal University, China.
2. General Administration of Sport of China (GAS). (2017). Characteristics of Health Qigong. Retrieved February 11, 2018, from: http://www.sport.gov.cn/qgzx/n5407/c825620/content.html
3. Jahnke, R., Larkey, L., Rogers, C., Etnier, J., & Lin, F. (2010). A comprehensive review of health benefits of qigong and tai chi. American Journal of Health Promotion, 24(6), e1-e25.
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Re: Internet-based Promotion of Qigong

Postby Michael on Sun Jun 17, 2018 3:20 am

It must be common knowledge for anyone with a qigong background in the PRC that qigong and related practices are completely demonized by the CCP, and their campaign against this kind of activity, which is part of their genocidal war on Falun Gong, has been extremely successful with young people, who have all seen constant negative messages in the media about qigong from the CCP since the early 2000's.

The default attitude of young people toward these practices are similar to the taboo's that deeply religious people have toward what is prohibited for them, nearly as closely held, for example, as eating beef for Hindu's, or being against abortion for Catholics. The reason that young people in China do not have taboos as strong as those I've given as examples is that inspiring beliefs in their citizens for anything except earning money without morality would be antithetical to a government that considers principles, and the human optimism and social progress they often inspire, to be dangerous factors to contend with in terms of maintaining political power.
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Re: Internet-based Promotion of Qigong

Postby edededed on Sun Jun 17, 2018 7:10 am

Yet medical qigong, etc. seems to be a part of hospital practice, and the CCP was quite involved in research.

But it may go up and down with the years. (Falungong seems considered different from qigong by most qigong teachers.). I do think that certain aspects may be hard to teach though.
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Re: Internet-based Promotion of Qigong

Postby Peacedog on Sun Jun 17, 2018 9:03 am

Qigong, and like practices, are an integral part of all systems of worship and most traditional medical systems. If you are researching traditional medicine, you are missing a lot if you leave out the qi gong aspect.

The issue that the Communist Party specifically has with this kind of activity is that it generally results in individual empowerment.

And personally impowered individuals are anathema to top down regimes, but are especially hostile to socialist ones.

The Falun Gong situation is a little different as it is a cult and China has a long history of trouble with these kinds of organizations. The fatal mistake Falun Gong made was being critical of the Communist Party.
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Re: Internet-based Promotion of Qigong

Postby yeniseri on Sun Jun 17, 2018 11:26 am

It is all positive in the greater realm of physical fitness and exercise.
Keep in mind that the "purists" do not want to see what is called qigong today as exercise activity/physical fitness while I will acknowledge that qigong has levels of consciousness within its activity level that has the potential to cure illness and decrease and,or /ameliorate chronic conditions. Qigong is considered one part of integrative medicine and complementary medicine in its intervention. This is very similar to the American College of Sports Medicine Exercise is Medicine (TM) mantra that is essential to counteract the all drugs are got for ya mantra. It has its place.

See link for Exercise is Medicine:
http://www.exerciseismedicine.org/

I periodically teach qigong (I hate the word but I use it anyway ??? ) but I tend to use the older term yangshenggong as it has layers of understanding within it as oppoeed to jsut o one word meaning.
My references are the domains of wellness, where they are levels of orientation and understanding that affects an outcome and sometimes people need its various levels. Qigong/yangshengong has similar level of practice and orientation
Some recent studies have included taijiquan/qigong/yoga, etc., as part of something called MBSR (Mindfullness Based Stress Reduction), a term coined by Jon Kabat-Zinn
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mindfulne ... _reduction

Another recent term is Meditative Movement
http://www.mdpi.com/2305-6320/4/4/69

One of the authors, Roger Jahnke is doing great work in working with other researchers in giving taijiquan and qigong the exposure as a method of activity that can benefit mankind!

In short, elements of exercise prescription along with some knowledge of disease state pattern are needed to prescribe/teach/instruct qigong where type, variety, fitness level of individual, etc are needed to assist in an intervention to help an individual to reach his better fitness level. NOTE: Qigong is not a replacement for medical diagnosis. It is one part of a greater goal. People who teach qigong need to be aware of program planning/treatment planning (with other professionals) as part of that greater interprofessional education so both sides can be aware of what the other side is doing.


Falungong isn't that different from other qigong methods but because tis practitioners have taken it upon themselves to criticize the central government, the Communist Party have made it their mission to destroy Falungong at all costs.An interesting study of Falungong shows some excellent post study outcomes with immunologic profiles on practitioners. The study is more of a proof of concept trial as a baseline for other studies on qigong

https://www.researchgate.net/publicatio ... nteraction
Last edited by yeniseri on Sun Jun 17, 2018 11:34 am, edited 4 times in total.
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Re: Internet-based Promotion of Qigong

Postby Michael on Sun Jun 17, 2018 6:08 pm

edededed wrote:Yet medical qigong, etc. seems to be a part of hospital practice, and the CCP was quite involved in research.

Yes, they did and do, so there is still some acceptance, but I don't know how much. It is certainly unknown to the young people receiving anti-qigong, anti-traditional messages.
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Re: Internet-based Promotion of Qigong

Postby edededed on Sun Jun 17, 2018 7:35 pm

Just curious - aside from Falungong, what sort of anti-qigong messages have you noticed? (I've not been in China recently.) In my experience, people just mostly did not know much about qigong, really.

The PRC did seem to support qigong research at least for a while, along with other traditional medicine. Ear acupuncture was one new development. In terms of qigong, qigong analgesia (preventing pain during surgery without anaesthesia) was another (but I think only one person was actually able to do it). But of course Falungong caused many qigong groups to become quiet after that became news.
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Re: Internet-based Promotion of Qigong

Postby Michael on Mon Jun 18, 2018 6:16 am

They put ads and PSA's on TV about FLG people setting themselves on fire in Tiananmen Square, that's one of them.

It was all going the other direction before the FLG crackdown, but that has become a major part of the internal security apparatus, as well as a huge source of revenue, so those are two reasons why it will continue.

I don't want to go too much off topic, but the political situation is definitely going to affect how much qigong is going on here.
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Re: Internet-based Promotion of Qigong

Postby edededed on Tue Jun 19, 2018 7:15 am

Thanks Michael - Falungong does seem to have been a thorn in the side of qigong communities since around the crackdown - most qigong groups seem to worry about it at the least. And many public qigong masters seem to have left China for other countries as well (such as the founder of Pangu Shengong, as you mentioned).
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Re: Internet-based Promotion of Qigong

Postby Peacedog on Tue Jun 19, 2018 12:24 pm

The Pangu Shengong guy is wanted in China as well. I think for tax evasion, but I'd have to check that.

Never discount generic scumbaggery being a factor as well.
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Re: Internet-based Promotion of Qigong

Postby Trick on Wed Jun 20, 2018 10:31 pm

edededed wrote:Yet medical qigong, etc. seems to be a part of hospital practice, and the CCP was quite involved in research.

But it may go up and down with the years. (Falungong seems considered different from qigong by most qigong teachers.). I do think that certain aspects may be hard to teach though.

Yes every PLA(peoples liberation army)-Hospital have its TCM department. The Chinese government is just cautious against cultish movements such as falun-gong, Chinese governments have had troubles with such cult movements throu out history. Michael probably belong to one such cult 8-)
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Re: Internet-based Promotion of Qigong

Postby Trick on Wed Jun 20, 2018 10:38 pm

Michael wrote:
edededed wrote:Yet medical qigong, etc. seems to be a part of hospital practice, and the CCP was quite involved in research.

Yes, they did and do, so there is still some acceptance, but I don't know how much. It is certainly unknown to the young people receiving anti-qigong, anti-traditional messages.

Young people of all times and places have wanted "new" things to do to follow what is modern lifestyle
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Re: Internet-based Promotion of Qigong

Postby Trick on Wed Jun 20, 2018 10:54 pm

edededed wrote:Thanks Michael - Falungong does seem to have been a thorn in the side of qigong communities since around the crackdown - most qigong groups seem to worry about it at the least. And many public qigong masters seem to have left China for other countries as well (such as the founder of Pangu Shengong, as you mentioned).

Many years ago there was a falungong teacher in my neigbourhood back in Sweden, I went there to have a look. The founder of this cult had written two books of which copies where given away for free so I took two and went home. It was written that if one practiced any thing more/other than what the founder had created it would have negative effect on the practitioner, if I remember right one could risk of being possessed by demons and such 8-) ...So in this sense falungong probably had a negative effect on the over all Chinese qigong community when understand how many followers this cult had
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Re: Internet-based Promotion of Qigong

Postby Trick on Wed Jun 20, 2018 11:01 pm

Trick wrote:
edededed wrote:Thanks Michael - Falungong does seem to have been a thorn in the side of qigong communities since around the crackdown - most qigong groups seem to worry about it at the least. And many public qigong masters seem to have left China for other countries as well (such as the founder of Pangu Shengong, as you mentioned).

Many years ago there was a falungong teacher in my neigbourhood back in Sweden, I went there to have a look. The founder of this cult had written two books of which copies where given away for free so I took two and went home. It was written that if one practiced any thing more/other than what the founder had created it would have negative effect on the practitioner, if I remember right one could risk of being possessed by demons and such 8-) ...So in this sense falungong probably had a negative effect on the over all Chinese qigong community when understand how many followers this cult had

Also to add, during the90's there was a lot of empty force qigong popping up all over China, it was all fairytale stuff a lot of people got hooked on it and payed big money for the fairy tales......of course there had to comea crack downs on such frauds
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Re: Internet-based Promotion of Qigong

Postby Yeung on Tue Jul 10, 2018 9:04 pm

I missed the oral presentation of this paper, and please noted that this is a study in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China. Falungong is very active there politically but not as a kind of health exercise. One study shows that Falungong practitioners practice one hour of exercise and an additional hour of meditation listening to the recording of the speeches of the founder.
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